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Hungry Minds

What are the First Principles of Instruction?



first principles of instructional design, featuring an agile chameleon

First Principles of Instruction

M. David Merrill reviewed instructional design theories to identify common principles. He devised the following five principles.

  1. Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems.

  2. Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge.

  3. Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner.

  4. Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner.

  5. Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.


What is instructional design?

Instructional design is not just about transferring information; it’s about transforming the learning experience.


In a nutshell

At its core, instructional design is about creating systematic, efficient and impactful learning experiences. It ensures that every piece of content fits perfectly into the learner’s journey, building knowledge, understanding and skills step by step.


An informed approach

Rooted deeply in cognitive science and educational psychology, instructional design takes cues from decades of research. The goal? Understand how the human mind absorbs and retains knowledge most effectively.


an agile chameleon, able to be dynamic and adaptive in design

Dynamic and adaptive designs

Every industry, project, and audience beckons a tailor-made approach. Imagine interactive eLearning for tech giants or immersive workshops for creatives—the techniques are as varied as the learners. Plus, with innovations like AR or gamified modules, we’re on a continuous learning evolution! In essence, instructional design is like a chameleon, ever-adapting and keeping things fresh, ensuring every learning experience isn’t just informative, but also irresistibly engaging!



 
Are you on the hunt for a side gig or a full role as an instructional designer or learning designer in Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane, or Perth?

Well, you're in luck! We're on the lookout for top-notch instructional designers to team up with us on projects in these awesome Aussie cities. Whether you're up for a freelance gig or looking to hop on board as a casual employee, we've got opportunities aplenty. Plus, we're all about flexibility. So, if you've got other commitments or prefer to work from the comfort of your own home, we're totally cool with that. We're all about making it work for you, whether it's adjusting your schedule or dialing in those work-from-home vibes.


Or Perhaps you need an Instructional Designer for your business project?

Our projects come in all shapes and sizes, ranging from short sprints to longer-term collaborations spanning over 12 weeks.


 


The ADDIE Model

IDA ADDIE Model of Instructional Design Black and WHite
ADDIE model of instructional design

This is the robust five-step methodology that guides the instructional design process:


  • Analyse: Understand the learner’s needs and objectives.

  • Design: Plan the learning experience meticulously.

  • Develop: Craft the actual learning materials.

  • Implement: Deliver the content to the learners.

  • Evaluate: Measure the effectiveness and iterate for continuous improvement.

Whether it’s shaping young minds in K-12, forging future leaders in higher education, or fine-tuning skills in the corporate arena, instructional design is the hidden force making learning memorable, enjoyable, and above all, effective.


So, the next time you find yourself engrossed in a learning experience, remember the unsung heroes behind the scenes, crafting your educational journey!



FAQs - Frequently Asked Questions

What are the first principles of education?

David Merrill reviewed instructional design theories to identify common principles. He devised the following five principles:

  1. Learning is promoted when learners are engaged in solving real-world problems.

  2. Learning is promoted when existing knowledge is activated as a foundation for new knowledge.

  3. Learning is promoted when new knowledge is demonstrated to the learner.

  4. Learning is promoted when new knowledge is applied by the learner.

  5. Learning is promoted when new knowledge is integrated into the learner’s world.

What are the goals of Merrill's first principles of instruction?




Σχόλια


Hungry Minds Learning Group provide Learning Designs, eLearning Development and Instructional Design services. We have team members in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Canberra.

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